Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) is a type of a condition known as pulmonary hypertension, which refers to high blood pressure in the lungs.
In pulmonary arterial hypertension, this increased pressure in the vessels is caused by an obstruction in the small arteries in the lung, which could be due to a variety of reasons.
While there is no known cure for pulmonary arterial hypertension, treatment involves managing symptoms to help you live a better life. You may be referred to a specialist pulmonologist or cardiologist, or a cardio-thoracic specialist in Dubai for the treatment of PAH.
What is Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension?
Pulmonary hypertension is a life-threatening condition that gets worse over time, but the right treatment can manage symptoms to live better with the disease.
It occurs when the tiny arteries in your lungs become narrow or blocked. It becomes harder for blood to flow through them, and that raises the blood pressure in your lungs. Eventually, the heart becomes weakened, and could lead to heart failure.
Symptoms of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Many people do not notice when they first develop pulmonary arterial hypertension. However, the first noticeable symptom is usually a shortness of breath.
Other symptoms of PAH include:
- Chest pain
- Passing out
- Swelling in your ankles and legs
- Heart palpitations
- Lips and fingers turning blue
In order to diagnose PAH, a cardiologist or pulmonologist in Dubai will assess your symptoms, examine your family history, and may take some tests.
Treatment of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension varies from person to person, so a cardio-thoracic specialist will develop a treatment plan according to your specific condition. In general, treatment involves symptom management.
Common types of treatment for PAH include:
- Anticoagulant medicine (blood thinners) such as warfarin to help prevent blood clots
- Diuretics (water tablets) to remove excess fluid from the body caused by heart failure
- Oxygen treatment, which involves inhaling air that contains a higher concentration of oxygen than normal
- Digoxin to improve symptoms by strengthening your heart muscle contractions and slowing down your heart rate
- Calcium channel blockers to lower blood pressure in the lungs and the rest of the body
If you are suffering from a more severe case of pulmonary hypertension, then a pulmonologist or cardiologist in Dubai may recommend more targeted therapies that can open up your narrowed blood vessels. This can be in the form of pills, medicines to inhale, or drugs that are given through an IV.
There are several specialized treatments for PAH that help relax the arteries in the lungs and reduce the blood pressure in the lungs.
Such treatments are intended to slow the progression of PAH and make symptoms more manageable to live with.
For extremely severe cases, a cardio-thoracic surgeon may recommend a lung transplant and or a procedure called atrial septostomy.
A lung and heart specialist in Dubai will work to create a treatment plan that is best suited to your specific condition.
Where to Find the Best Lung and Heart Hospital in Dubai?
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension is a serious and life-threatening condition. The best medical support is required in order to develop an effective treatment plan that helps patients live a long and comfortable life. Finding the best lung and heart hospital in Dubai for treatment is necessary.
German Heart Centre is the leading lung and heart hospital in Dubai. Our team of doctors include pulmonologists, cardio-thoracic specialist, and specialist cardiologist in Dubai. They can provide the best treatment for PAH and any other type of pulmonary and cardiovascular disease. Treatment plans are created according to your specific condition, for the purpose of helping you live the best and most comfortable life. Book an appointment today.